Bishop: The Devil is in The Details - PawSox Park isn’t 38 Studios, But Just as Bad

Thursday, May 25, 2017


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The Pawtucket Red Sox say they learned from their last failed effort to have their way with Rhode Island taxpayers, but it’s uncanny how much this year’s corporate welfare looks a lot like last year’s. If you think you’ve heard this song before, the refrain is awfully familiar: Give us an $85 million dollar waterfront stadium.

There has been a good deal of confusion about who puts in money when to give an expanded notion of the team’s contribution. But this is sleight of hand that would have done Wimpy proud, he who regularly told Popeye: I’ll gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today.

The proposal suggests nonchalantly that the state, the city and the team would borrow $71 million dollars through the Pawtucket Redevelopment Agency. But it isn’t clear who is really the guarantor of this effort other than the state’s citizens. Oh, it wouldn’t be a real guarantee, only a “moral obligation” – you remember, the kind of borrowing that the states officials told us we had to pay off in the 38 Studios gamble.

The difference here, everyone says, is that there is a product. If you build it they will come.  The debt service is $4.2 million a year. That’s $8.50 a ticket at current attendance to pay for the stadium. So what do the Pawsox think they need to run the team and where is that going to come from if ticket prices are maintained around $10 a head?

Well actually the PawSox want all the ticket revenue. They suggest the state and the city will recover their share through taxes. So are we to put a $10 tax on each ticket sale? Or how much do we have to tax each hot dog sold to make up that difference?

The team’s apparent commitment of a million a year for 30 years is equivalent to the lease rate they are currently paying for McCoy. And where are we after that deal and a $12 million state subsidy for McCoy? They have a team and we have a dump . . . at least according to the study, largely funded by taxpayers to back this proposal.

Even in recent years, online fan threads suggested McCoy stood up well against other minor league baseball venues, but we are told that it can’t continue without $35 million just to stem deterioration. This is reminiscent of our roads and bridges which they tell us have gone begging for maintenance to the point where they need replacing.

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So, if we couldn’t afford to maintain McCoy under the old lease, how would we maintain a new stadium? We did build McCoy, they are coming, and we still can’t afford it!

This whole process seems to be backwards. Why is it a question of whether we can afford it? The question should be, if baseball teams want minor leagues to bring up their future players, can they afford it? That is really the question for all forms of corporate welfare for which the state has become a never ending source.

The vision of McCoy as a family night out made the Pawsox a workable franchise in the last century, but what we are really being told is that the model doesn’t work anymore. We need year round non-baseball activity and adjacent retail and restaurants. And the Pawsox owners are only too willing to take more of the best parcels on the cheap and queue up for more tax abatements to help us with that. (And city services that need to be relocated to facilitate this new development boom, who is going to pay for that?)                 

It’s really this spin off development where they suggest the state and city could recover the investment in the stadium. But you really can’t count that as new revenue, as no evidence is presented that this is new spending. Patriot Place at Gilette Stadium in Foxboro is indeed a fulltime phenomenon compared to the few football games. But what it accomplishes is attracting discretionary spending from other stores and restaurants. That’s great if you are the New England Patriots owners and your brand is attracting that business. But this explains why Massachusett’s sole contribution to the affair has been better access roads.

But in Providence, the one time fairy tail ending for the story of a yellow brick road leading to a new emerald stadium, just about every major business venture proposed in the city comes hat in hand to the powers that be for a handout. A check from the commerce corporation, a tax abatement from the city, whatever the traffic will bear. And those of us who stand opposed to such corporate welfare are told we aren’t willing to ‘invest’. Investment is not what government does. That’s obvious when you realize that it always has nothing to show for these giveaways.

Even a relative ‘success’ like the Providence Place Mall pays no property taxes. Its stores pay no property taxes. And there is no real evidence how much of that business is simply poached from local stores vs. those in Massachusetts so, for all the risk, the reward is really about zero – or as proponents of these projects would say, revenue neutral. If every business in the state were revenue neutral like that, the state’s budget would be $0.

But what about those other cities with those really cool ballparks like Durham? Right across the street from the stadium in Durham might be a familiar sight to Rhode Islanders, the Cuban Revolution Restaurant that started here in Providence before it moved south. But, when I sat down with the owners, I heard that they aren’t in Durham because of the stadium, they are there because the utilities cost half of what they did in Rhode Island, and their taxes are half, their rent and labor are modest. Yet they can charge as much for Cuban sandwich as they did in Rhode Island, because folks have a job and money to buy one. The stadium is a little bit of icing on the cake but they do better with the performing arts clientele.

We keep ignoring the fundamentals and trying for the Hail Mary. And maybe those who are tired of the 38 Studios drumbeat are right. It isn’t necessary to compare every hairbrained scheme to 38 Studios. This one just doesn’t work on its own.

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Brian Bishop is on the board of OSTPA and has spent 20 years of activism protecting property rights, fighting overregulation and perverse incentives in tax policy. 


Related Slideshow: International League Stadium Investments

Costs based on 2016 dollars

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Buffalo Bison


Coca-Cola Field




No recent major improvement

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Lehigh Valley IronPigs


Coca-Cola Park


2008 Construction


$55.9 M

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Pawtucket Red Sox


McCoy Stadium


1999 Renovation 



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Rochester Red Wings 


Frontier Field


1996 Construction



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Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders


PNC Field


2013 Renovation



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Syracuse Chiefs


NBT Stadium


1997 Opened



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Charlotte Knights


BB&T Ballpark


2014 Opened



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Durham Bulls


Durham Bulls Athletic Park


2014 Renovation



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Gwinnett Braves


Coolray Field


2009 Opened



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Norfolk Tides


Harbor Park


1993 Opened



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Columbus Clippers


Huntington Park


2009 Opened



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Indianapolis Indians


Victory Field


1996 Opened



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Louisville Bats​


Louisville Slugger Field


2000 Opened



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Toledo Mud Hens 


Fifth Third Field​


2002 Opened




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