NEW: West Nile Virus Surfaces in West Kingstown, RI
Thursday, August 14, 2014
A sample of 18 mosquitos collected on August 4th, 2014 from the Great Swamp area of West Kingstown has tested positive for West Nile Virus. The mosquito species that was tested positive is one that can bite humans.
The Department of Environmental Management (DEM) and the Rhode Island Department of Health (HEALTH) encourages that residents protect themselves from mosquito-borne disease. According to the state officials, personal protection is the first line of defense against these mosquitos and additionally is the most effective way of avoiding infection.
Test results on the remaining 150 pools of mosquitos collected on August 4th are still pending in the State Health Laboratories.
First This Year
This finding marks the first positive West Nile Virus sample identified in Rhode Island this season. A positive finding of Jamestown Canyon Virus was identified and reported last week.
Additionally, no mosquitos have tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis this season. There have also been no reported human cases in 2014 regarding West Nile Virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, or Jamestown Canyon Virus in Rhode Island.
Protecting from West Nile
These mosquito pools are not unexpected at this time of the year. State officials are encouraging that extra care should be taken by all residents to protect from mosquitos. Extra care includes:
Remove all standing water from around houses by emptying planters, wading pools, trash and recycling bins to reduce mosquito breeding. Just one cup of standing water can produce hundreds of mosquitos.
Be sure all open windows are properly screened to prevent mosquitos from entering the house.
Dress for protection by wearing long pants and long-sleeved shorts during outdoor evening activities.
Use bug spray with no more than 30-percent DEET during outdoor activities particularly at dusk and evening hours.
Time activities for maximum protection; mosquitos are most active during the dusk and evening hours.
Related Slideshow: The History of Disease Outbreaks in New England
New England Smallpox 1633
European settlers brought Smallpox to America in the 17th century, and it is estimated that more than 70% of the Native American population in the northeast was wiped out by the disease between 1633 and 1634.
Smallpox has been eradicated from the United States for over 60 years.
Boston Smallpox 1721
Nearly 6,000 Bostonians contracted Smallpox in 1721, with 844 of them ultimately dying from the disease.
The Smallpox outbreak in Boston incited great debate about the use of inoculation in the United States, a practice that is obviously observed today.
With a near 80% mortality rate among those infected, "The White Plague" struck worldwide and at home in the United States, particularly in industrial areas.
According to research by the Harvard Medical Library, nearly 40% of deaths of working-class people in urban American cities were cause by Tuberculosis.
A worldwide pandemic that struck during World War 1, the "Spanish Flu" caused mass destruction in the United States and abroad.
20 million people across the globe are estimated to have died from the flu pandemic, with 675,000 Americans among the death toll.
58,000 cases of Polio and over 3,000 resulting deaths were reported in the 1952 epidemic in the United States.
The disease affects the nervous system, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt is probably the most notable person to live with the disease.
Polio has been eradicated in the United States for over 30 years.
Asian Flu 1957
While not as lethal as the 1918 Influenza Pandemic, the "Asian Flu" caused almost 70,000 American deaths in before it was eradicated.
The Asian Flu is caused by the same virus that causes bird flu and swine flu.
Holy Cross Hepatitis 1969
After being trounced on the second Saturday of the 1969 college football season by Dartmouth, the Holy Cross football team had each member get blood work done to determine if there was a medical reason for their poor performance.
90 out of 97 players on the team had elevated levels of a liver enzyme, and 30 of those 90 players showed symptoms of Hepatitis-A.
Dr. Leonard Morse, who went on to become the Commissioner of Public Health in Worcester, helped determine the cause of the sickness- a contaminated drinking water supply that only the football players had accessed.
The remainder of the season was canceled (an NCAA first) and the 30 players showing symptoms were quarantined in a single dormitory.
AIDS Epidemic 1980s
While not documented until 1981, the HIV virus and AIDS continues to be one of the most debilitating diseases alive today in the United States.
Progress has been made over the years, as education about the virus and how to prevent it have brought the world from "AIDS is Preventable" to "AIDS is Treatable."
NH Hepatitis 2012
30 people were diagnosed with Hepatitis-C in 2012 after a former hospital worker stole syringes and intentionally contaminated them with the disease, of which he was afflicted.
After pleading guilty to charges in New Hampshire, the perpetrator was sentenced to 39 months in jail.
VT Whooping Cough 2012
Whooping cough- also known as Pertussis- is difficult to diagnose initially because it starts with cold-like symptoms and progresses into a life threatening illness.
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