New England States At Increased Risk for West Nile + EEE
Tuesday, September 11, 2012
The United States is currently experiencing a widespread outbreak of West Nile virus, and the Northeast is no exception. In the United States, West Nile has been detected in humans, animals, or mosquitoes in all 48 of the continental states. As of August 28, 2012, 1,590 cases of West Nile have been reported nationwide, with 65 deaths. More cases are expected to occur. Eastern Equine Encephalitis is also of major concern in the Northeast. It is the most severe mosquito-spread illness in the United States.
West Nile + EEE in Rhode Island
According to Dara Chadwick, Chief Officer of Health Promotion at the Rhode Island Department of Health (HEALTH), Rhode Island has had no HUMAN cases of West Nile Virus or EEE this season, "but we have had positive results for both West Nile Virus and EEE in mosquito pools," she said. Chadwick pointed out that this is not unusual -- "We typically see some positive results in mosquito pools each year," she said.
Symptoms of West Nile virus include headache, high fever, confusion, tremors, convulsions and rarely, paralysis. West Nile virus infection can also be fatal. Symptoms of Eastern Equine Encephalitis range from mild flu-like illness to inflammation of the brain, coma and death.
New England: increased virus activity
All of the states in the Northeast are seeing increased mosquito-borne virus activity this summer. All six New England states have detected West Nile virus in mosquitoes, and Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Hampshire have reported human cases. Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Vermont have all detected EEE in mosquitoes, with Massachusetts and Vermont reporting human cases. For many of the New England states, this activity has been earlier and more intense than in previous years. All states expect to see more viral activity as we move into early fall.
The State Health Officers of the Northeast remind residents and visitors that the threat of arboviral illness, including West Nile virus, remains high, and everyone should take steps to prevent mosquito bites. Mosquitoes will remain active until the first frost, so the public must remain vigilant.
State Health Officers recommend the following measures to protect against West Nile virus infection and other mosquito-borne illnesses:
- Avoid or limit time outdoors at dawn and dusk when many species of mosquitoes are most active
- Use an EPA approved repellent when outdoors, especially around dawn and dusk – always follow the instructions on the product’s label
- Wear protective clothing when outdoors, including long-sleeved shirts, pants, and socks
- Make sure screens on windows and doors are intact to keep mosquitoes out of the home
- Reduce standing water around the house (collecting in containers, tires, etc.) to decrease the numbers of mosquitoes breeding around your home
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