It’s All About Education: Why So Many Choose Progressive Education
Wednesday, July 22, 2015
In the past week, it is getting renewed attention, thanks to U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. After more than six years in the DC area, he recently moved back to Chicago with his family. This fall, his wife Karen will teach at and his children will attend the University of Chicago Laboratory School, an independent progressive school. It is interesting to note that this is a school that has remained unaffected by many of the policies put in place by his department, such as Common Core and standardized testing.
The school’s mission statement states that they “ignite and nurture an enduring spirit of scholarship, curiosity, creativity and confidence.” Secretary Duncan is an alumnus of the school, and President Obama’s daughters went there prior to moving to DC; Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s children are also enrolled. The famous Bank Street School for Children in New York City is another school founded on the progressive education philosophy.
What makes progressive education so appealing to so many? For parents, it’s often about choosing a joyous learning environment. Sandra Pinnavaia and her husband envisioned a place that would provide a strong foundation while encouraging their children to be kids: “We wanted school to be fun, mind-expanding, and a place where the right things mattered. We wanted them to play and argue and invent and learn every day, and most of all to love going to school.”
Teachers are often drawn to progressive education because it requires students to be active participants in learning rather than passive receivers of information. When students learn by doing, they develop both a deeper understanding of concepts and their own self-confidence. Science teacher Glenn Littledale, of the Putney School, structures his classroom so that students discover ideas for themselves. After all, he says, “the world is awash with high school and college students who know the content of their science text books but can’t think their way out of a paper bag.”
In Rhode Island, there are two progressive schools, both located in Providence. School One (S1) serves high school students with diverse backgrounds and unique learning styles. Head of School Jennifer Borman writes, “We offer a place where students and teachers are treated with respect, where creativity and debate are celebrated and where classes are meaningful and relevant.” The Jewish Community Day School of RI (JCDSRI) enrolls students in Pre-Kindergarten through fifth grade, and they see themselves as “guardians of childhood.”
Most progressive schools seek to teach children to be independent thinkers who work together to solve complex problems. Toward this end, JCDSRI has a Design Lab in which all students work at least once each week, using the design thinking framework. Design thinking is a collaborative approach to producing creative solutions, developed for use in education at Stanford University. In addition, JCDSRI students and teachers have partnered with the Brown-RISD STEAM Club to engage in several real-world projects over the past two years.
In today’s global economy, we need our graduates to be inventive and innovative thinkers. Employers increasingly state that they want to hire creative problem-solvers. Because of this, schools all over the world (public, charter, parochial and private) are incorporating design thinking and design labs into their curricula. The philosophy of progressive education, though, seems particularly well-suited to incorporating this approach.
Adam Tilove, Head of School at JCDSRI, believes that design thinking meshes with the school’s mission to “nurture each student’s innate creativity and curiosity while promoting academic rigor and developing personal character.” The school fosters an inherent love of learning and a spirit of cooperation; students learn to value the contributions and ideas of their classmates, while learning that there are multiple routes to success.
Earlier this year, a book called Loving Learning: How Progressive Education Can Save America’s Schools was published. The authors suggest that teachers and schools that promote inquisitiveness and allow the curriculum to develop organically through students’ curiosity can reinvigorate our schools and help prepare our students for tomorrow. Clearly, Arne Duncan and many of our other leaders agree. This philosophy is the opposite of a standardized national curriculum.
Although the progressive education movement began in the late 19th century, perhaps it is an idea whose time has finally come. Schools that offer an integrated curriculum, teach through hands-on experiences and experimentation, and foster social skills and a sense of community may very well help us to overcome some of the larger issues facing our country (and our world) today.
Lauri Lee is an independent consultant with over twenty years of experience in both public and private education, with learners from infants through adults. With experience in teaching, marketing, communications, social media, development, admissions, and technology, she is able to synthesize many of the issues facing our educational system today. She lives in Providence, RI with her family, a big dog, and a small cat. She blogs at http://www.AllAboutEducation.net and you can follow her on Twitter at @fridovichlee.
Related Slideshow: RI Experts on the Biggest Issues Facing Public Education
On Friday November 22, the Hassenfeld Institute for Public Leadership at Bryant University, the Latino Policy Institute of Roger Williams University, the Rhode Island Association of School Committees, the Providence Student Union, and RI-CAN: Rhode Island Campaign for Achievement Now will host Rhode Island leaders in the public and nonprofit sectors for a symposium on "the civil rights issue of the 21st century, adequacy and equity and the State of Education in Rhode Island."
Weighing in on the the "three biggest factors" facing education in the state today are symposium participatnts Gary Sasse, Founding Director of the Hassenfeld Institute for Leadership; Christine Lopes Metcalfe, Executive Director of RI-CAN; Anna Cano-Morales, Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees, Central Falls Public Schools and Director, Latino Policy Institute at Roger Williams University; Tim Duffy, Executive Director, RI Association of School Committees; and Deborah Cylke, Superintendent of Pawtucket Public Schools.
"Provide a state constitutional guarantee that all children will have access to an education that will prepare them to meet high performance standards and be successful adults.
Bridge the gap between the educational achievement of majority and minority students. This will require the implementation of a comprehensive agenda for quality education in Rhode Island’s inner cities."
"Revisit school governance and clearly define the roles and responsibilities of the state, school districts , neighborhood schools, and school teachers and school administrators. Develop and implement a system to hold schools responsible for student outcomes."
"Build a consensus and buy in of all stakeholders around the education reform initiatives being advanced by the Board of Education."
"Set high expectations and raise our standards across the state for anyone that contributes to the success of our students. From adopting the Common Core to discussing rigorous teacher evaluations, conversations around creating a culture of high expectations have to be at the center of the work."
"Expand opportunities and start earlier - we must ensure that all kids have access to a high performing public school of their choice, which includes full-day kindergarten."
"School facilities - with an aging infrastructure, underutilized buildings and the need to provide fair funding for school facilities for all public school students regardless of the public school they attend, this needs to be a top issue tackled by the RI General Assembly in 2014."
"Meet the academic potential of all students but especially with regards to urban schools students -- 3 out of 4 are Latinos in Providence, Central Falls, and Pawtucket."
"Connect through specific best practices the academic successes of our students to careers jobs. Investing in schools is economic development as a whole for Rhode Island. "
"Increase the access to -- and completion of -- higher education and post- secondary opportunities. Poverty? Struggling families? Education and access to careers and competitive wages is the best antidote."
"Providing adequate funding is critical -- and there are going to be pressures on the state budget, which mean stresses to meet the education funding formula. With the predictions of the state's projected loss of revenue with the casinos in MA, education funding could be on the cutting board, and we need to ensure that it's not. Do we need to look at strengthening the language of the constitution to guarantee funding?"
"Implementing the common core standards will provide continuity -- and comparison -- between states now. With over 40 states involved, we're embarking a new set of standards here."
"Accountability and assessing student performance -- how that it's driven by the common core, we'll be able to compare the best districts in RI against the best districts in say MA. That's the intent of the Common Core is a standardization of how we hold the system accountable."
"Issue one is quality. Your quality of education should not be dependent on your zip code. And the reality is, certain cities are distressed, or whose property values are not as high, I know each town has a different capacity to fund education. There's an absolute, clear relationship between the quality of public schools, and economic development of states. There's irrefutable evidence that quality public schools can make states more competitive."
"Issue two is equality. In West Warwick and Providence, the per pupil spending is around $16K. In Pawtucket it's $12.9. What's wrong with that picture? If I'm in charge of overseeing that my students are college ready, they need to be adequate funding. A difference of $3000 per pupil? We're talking in the tens of millions of dollars -- more like $25 million in this case. An exemplary school district is Montgomery County, MD -- they have roughly the same number of students, around 145,000 -- there's one funding figure per pupil. There's equitable funding for all kids."
"Issue three is Infrastructure. A critical issue is whether the state is going to lift its moratorium in 2014 for renovations for older schools, ore new construction. If that moratorium is not lifted, and those funds are not available, it is critical to us here in Pawtucket. The average of my schools is 66 years, I've got 3 that celebrate 100 years this year. These old schools have good bones, but they need to be maintained. These are assets -- and this is all interrelated with the funding formula."
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