Carol Anne Costa: Is Lockdown in Suburbia the Sad New Normal?
Thursday, February 27, 2014
Smithfield High School this week. Some young people in my life attend the school, and I remain close to them and their parents. My thoughts immediately turned to the horrible moments that must have taken place during this stressful situation. I only learned about it on my ride home from work via radio reports. By then the ordeal was over and thankfully with no intruders, gunfire, explosives, or tragic results.
Make no mistake; the reports alone evoked the emotions and terrifying thoughts in my mind. Rational thoughts were supplanted with the harsh awareness that our society can no longer bank on the safety of a schoolhouse. That is the sad, true, and sobering reality—a new normal, if you will. But the situation that developed does pose some important questions. Are we doing lockdowns correctly? How does RI rank in the safety protocols? What is the impact of these active shooter scenarios on our families and education professionals? Many safety experts disagree on the tactics and also question the practice of instructing our children to hide in corners if the unthinkable happens, but should this be revisited? Perhaps the Smithfield story opens a door for a more analytical discussion about these practices and also creates an opportunity for improvement.
A parent’s nightmare
My friends shared their feelings with the in the wake of the circumstances. Hearing directly from them and personally knowing a child impacted solidified for me what must have been an eternal 3 hours for so many families. Their emotions were raw and although they communicated with me via text, the urgency and sense of complete lack of control reverberated with every keystroke. In her description of events, my friend shared this with me after she learned of the lock-down.
“At 2:12 PM I texted my daughter’s friend (I could not reach my child) and she happened to be next to my daughter. She indicated the entire class and teacher were hiding in the stage curtain in the auditorium. The teacher was keeping them still and quiet and many of the kids terrified and crying. The art class was in the auditorium painting a set for the school play. A SWAT person with a really huge gun entered with four other officers shouting, ‘We are on lockdown! This building is not secure.’”
This frightening communication between a student and a parent is a mere clip of the many messages that must have been hurtling through cyberspace, increasing the anxiety of every recipient. I don’t know about you, but just reading that text makes me shiver.
My friends also shared with me the agonizing time spent waiting for answers. My friend said in a text to me, “We were a mess, I was shaking, my husband could barely breathe and we could not look at each other for fear we would fall apart. We contacted other parents who were going through very much the same thing. This was horrible.” I hope all the children, teachers, staff and parents impacted are given ample time to process this shock to the system. We must figure this into our responses as we fashion a more effective approach.
RI fares well in school safety
The news for RI is pretty good as it relates to school safety. In the wake of the Columbine shooting, the nation learned new methods involving active shooter scenarios and shortly after the Newtown tragedy, education systems and political leaders nationwide reexamined policies, procedures, and overall school preparedness in the event of similar assaults. In an article published by Security Director News in October of 2013, RI was held up as a national model. Quoting a safety expert, “States looking to overhaul their school emergency plans should turn first to Rhode Island, says Michael Dorn of Safe Havens International. “We’d have a lower death rate in this country if they did.” Commissioner Gist was also quoted in the story. “Rhode Island focuses on preparation such as drills to keep its schools safe. Rhode Island mandates routine drills spaced out across the school year. The goal is to make it more of a regular experience for our teachers and kids,” she said. “Fundamentally, the promise we need to make to our families is that, every day, when their students come to our schools, they are safe.”
Not everyone agrees
But the news from the safety experts is sometimes at odds. A group called ALICE has emerged from these disasters and is questioning whether a lockdown is enough anymore.
ALICE (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, and Evacuate) is training solution that purportedly increases the odds of survival during a violent intruder event. Developed after the Columbine, Virginia Tech, and Sandy Hook invasions, it is a strategy that goes beyond the conventional lockdown. Some parents I have spoken with are at the very least willing to listen to the method as an enhancement of tactics available to our kids. I trust that if you questioned some of the kids hiding in Smithfield High School this past week, they may want to hear about this as an alternative as well. I have talked to the children in my life and right after a lockdown drill more than a couple people say something like, “I feel like a sitting duck.” Perhaps we need to incorporate or seriously investigate more than the traditional response going forward. Maybe this incident can help to garner fresh information from the people involved—both from the students and teachers inside and the loved ones outside—thereby adding on the ground voices to the evolving doctrine.
In the General Assembly
In RI Legislators, Governor Chafee, Chafee's Cabinet Heads, and Commissioner Gist have taken proactive steps to protect our children in the schoolhouse by forging a model plan. This collaborative approach is comprehensive and brings in leaders on many levels. Additionally, a package of bills—designed to empower schools to be more aware and in ready position in the event of an assault—will continue to be forged in this session. The bills will strengthen the existing statute entitled Health and Safety of Pupils. The bills are championed by Senator Hanna M. Gallo (D-Dist. 27, Cranston, West Warwick), Chair of the Senate Committee on Education, and Representative Joseph M. McNamara (D-Dist. 19, Warwick, Cranston), Chair of the House Committee on Health, Education and Welfare. According to the press release, the intent of the package is to address several areas including:
- Require the Department of Education to create best practices for school safety plans to share with school districts, as well as checklists that districts can use to assess strengths and weaknesses of their safety plans
- Direct school districts to conduct a school safety assessment in conjunction with local municipal police and fire departments
- Amend and expand the requirements as to what must be in each school district's school safety plan; Support better communication among first responders and within schools by emphasizing the use of plain language in emergency situations; Codify the need for closer collaboration among RIDE; the Department of Behavioral Health, Developmental Disabilities and Hospitals; Emergency Management Agency, State Police, State Fire Marshal and other safety officials
- Allow school committees to review school safety plans in executive session to provide a further level of security for students and school employees; Set details and specifications regarding the type, manner and frequency of safety drills in educational facilities.
It is refreshing to know that Rhode Island is on the cutting edge of these school safety issues. But for me this is a constantly evolving body of responses, legislation, and dialogue. And this evolution is a priority as it involves the once-sacred and safe haven that is a schoolhouse. We must all get reinvested, as the health and protection of our most precious resource may be—literally—in the cross-hairs.
Related Slideshow: Rhode Island School Superintendent Salaries
Below are the salaries of school superintendents in Rhode Island, starting with the lowest paid. Data is for 2013 and was provided by the state Division of Municipal Finance. Where relevant, longevity pay is also listed. All school superintendents are listed except those in the independent school districts in Foster and Glocester. The combined Foster-Glocester district is included. In order to provide a more informed basis for comparing superintendents from one community to another, the annual student enrollment and total expenditures are also listed. (The data is for fiscal year 2012, the latest available from the state Department of Education.)
34. New Shoreham
Superintendent Robert Hicks
Student Body Size: 112
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $4,443,923
Note: Position is part-time.
33. Little Compton
Superintendent Kathryn M. Crowley
Student Body Size: 295
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $6,995,203
Note: Position is part-time.
Superintendent Marcia Lukon
Student Body Size: 481
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $12,049,735
Note: Position is part-time.
Superintendent Bernard DiLullo, Jr.
Longevity Pay: $2,000
Student Body Size: 2,917
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $50,452,203
Salary includes longevity pay.
Superintendent William J. Rearick
Student Body Size: 1,738
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $28,715,478
29. North Providence
Superintendent Melinda Smith
Student Body Size: 3,301
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $47,235,638
28. North Smithfield
Superintendent Stephen Lindberg
Student Body Size: 1,704
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $23,498,113
Superintendent Lynn Krizic
Student Body Size: 2,590
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $36,591,167
26. West Warwick
Superintendent Karen Tarasevich
Student Body Size: 3,374
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $53,918,748
25. Exeter-West Greenwich
Superintendent James H. Erinakes II
Student Body Size: 1,678
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $32,331,544
Superintendent Katherine E. Sipala
Student Body Size: 1,407
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $26,850,371
Superintendent Frank Pallotta
Student Body Size: 2,418
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $31,681,821
Superintendent Robert O'Brien
Student Body Size: 2,349
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $34,311,788
Superintendent Michael S. Barnes
Student Body Size: 1,226
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $18,267,711
Superintendent Melinda Thies
Longevity Pay: $2,550
Student Body Size: 3,454
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $51,591,792
19. East Greenwich
Superintendent Victor Mercurio
Student Body Size: 2,323
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $32,975,952
18. East Providence
Superintendent Kim Mercer
Student Body Size: 5,338
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $77,242,920
17. Central Falls
Superintendent Frances Gallo
Student Body Size: 2,724
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $51,519,366
Superintendent Michael Almeida
Student Body Size: 4,970
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $67,620,141
Superintendent Judith Lundsten
Student Body Size: 10,030
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $140,651,662
14. North Kingstown
Superintendent Phillip Auger
Student Body Size: 4,398
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $61,636,874
Superintendent Roy Seitsinger
Student Body Size: 3,030
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $55,015,253
Superintendent Michael Messore
Student Body Size: 3,101
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $44,851,748
Note: Salary includes longevity pay.
Superintendent Barry J. Ricci
Student Body Size: 3,421
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $55,831,939
Note: District includes towns of Charlestown, Richmond, and Hopkinton.
Superintendent Georgia Fortunato
Student Body Size: 3,236
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $49,551,778
Superintendent Giovanna M. Donoyan
Student Body Size: 5,636
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $77,022,482
Superintendent Paul R. Lescault
Student Body Size: 1,492
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $22,330,940
7. South Kingstown
Superintendent Kristen Stringfellow
Student Body Size: 3,393
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $59,950,442
Superintendent Rosemarie K. Kraeger
Student Body Size: 2,360
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $37,340,131
Superintendent John H. Ambrogi
Student Body Size: 2,005
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $39,683,489
Superintendent Philip Thorton
Student Body Size: 4,470
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $55,508,846
Superintendent Deborah A. Cylke
Student Body Size: 9,072
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $112,889,497
Superintendent Richard D'Agostino
Longevity Pay: $2,480
Student Body Size: 9,487
Annual Budget (FY 2012): $162,729,013
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