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Judge Turns Down Wells Fargo’s Request for 38 Studios Redactions

Wednesday, September 16, 2015


Superior Court Judge Michael Silverstein, pictured on Tuesday.

Wells Fargo's request to have 215 words redacted from the upcoming release of 38 Studios court documents was rejected in Superior Court Tuesday morning.

Following the filing of a "motion to maintain confidentiality" at 4:15 p.m. on Monday, Wells Fargo lawyer Robert Duffy maintained before Judge Michael Silverstein on Tuesday that as the parties had originally operated "under the auspices" of being able to claim confidentiality during the lawsuit proceedings in certain instances -- and that "deposition testimony was given identifying certain information relative to certain clients having nothing to do with 38 Studios," that Wells Fargo was seeking to redact only names -- and not the context of the questions and answers -- as thousands of pages of court document are set to be released to the public.   

SLIDES:  See the Players in the 38 Studios Saga BELOW

Lawyers with the EDC countered that burden of proof was on Wells Fargo to prove that the names were in fact confidential, and not obtainable publicly in municipal bond documents online regarding other revenue bond deals involving Wells Fargo, that were brought up during the court proceedings.  Furthermore, the EDC posed the question that should Wells Fargo have been able to show "some degree" of burden of proof, "should Wells Fargo's interest outweigh the public's interest."

Judge Silverstein said at the culmination of both sides' arguments that the burden of proof had "not been sustained" -- and the court is going to order no redactions in the Wells Fargo' motion considered on Tuesday.


Related Slideshow: SLIDES: The Players in the 38 Studios Saga

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Don Carcieri

The two term RI Governor first elected in 2002 and then again in 2006 -- and was at the helm of the state when he first met Curt Schilling at a fundraiser in March 2010. The meeting is part of the focus of questions of how and when the wheels were put in motion to lure Schilling's 38 Studios to RI. 

The Carcieri administration announced the proposed $75 million 38 Studios deal in June 2010 -- and in November 2010, just prior to the election, the EDC (which Carcieri as Governor chaired) announced the issuance of $75 million in taxable revenue -- i.e. moral obligation -- bonds.  Carcieri is not listed at a defendant in the state's suit, based on immunity, but was deposed in 2014, which could be part of the upcoming document release. 

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Bill Murphy

Questions pertaining to the role of the former RI Speaker of the House -- and when he first introduced key players in the 38 Studios deal in 2010 - remain at the center of attention. 

The former Speaker continues to wield unparalleled influence as a lobbyist and behind-the-scenes king maker.  While he last served as the state's most powerful elected official until 2010, Murphy's ability to exert control at the State House was evidenced by backing now-Speaker Mattiello when the battle to replace Gordon Fox took place.  Murphy's lobbying clients range from the corrections officers to payday lending to Twin River.

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Gordon Fox

The former Speaker of the House, who is currently serving a prison term for using campaign funds for personal expenses and accepting a bribe, is inextricably tied to, and at the center of, the 38 Studios deal -- stemming in part from his close personal ties to former Speaker Bill Murphy and tax credit lawyer Michael Corso. 

More of his role in the ill-fated deal is expected to emerge as documents are released in the coming weeks, as to what he knew when, and his role in driving the deal through -- and who else know.  Fox, like Carcieri, has immunity in the state lawsuit. 

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Michael Corso

The relationship between Former Speaker Gordon Fox and Michael Corso goes back to the early days of both their professional and political careers in the late 1990's after each graduated from New England law schools. Corso joined developer Buff Chace's Cornish Associates - and Fox and Corso both claim to be the author of Rhode Island's Historic Tax Credit Legislation -- which proved to be the ultimate down fall of 38 Studios. 

In March of 2010, Tom Zaccagnino and Schilling met with then-Speaker Fox and former EDC director Keith Stokes in Corso’s downtown law office. Despite the meeting taking place after the legislative deadline, just a few weeks later the loan guarantee legislation was submitted by Fox's leadership team and in May the bill was pushed through the legislature. 38 Studios would receive $75 million in loan guarantees. Following the 38 Studios fallout, Corso's Sakonnet Capital Partners, Reel Capital LLC, and Tax Incentive Partners have all removed his name from the sites. Their offices are all located in the same building as Fox's husband's former salon location - 155 Chestnut Street.

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Peter Kilmartin

The Attorney General, who was in the House of Representatives at the time of the 38 Studios deal, acknowledges that the current state police investigation is "ongoing and active" -- three years after the company went bankrupt, and five years since the original deal.

While his office maintains the neutrality of his position, others question is role in the process.  "AG Peter Kilmartin, being both the person who forced the legislation through as Majority Whip then AND the top law enforcement official of Rhode Island today, needs to step aside," said former RI GOP chair Mark Smiley. "Bring in a special prosecutor, no other investigation will ever be trusted as being thorough enough."

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Nicholas Mattielllo

Mattiello ascended to the role of Speaker following the resignation of former Speaker Gordon Fox -- who had been in power at the time of the 38 Studios deal. 

He has said that he believes the investigatory power lies in the "state police and the courts" -- not the General Assembly. 

"I have had to be patient throughout this process because I have said all along that the best approach is for the Superior Court to unseal the documents and for the State Police to continue its investigation. I have tremendous faith in our State Police as the appropriate agency to pursue criminal activity," said Mattiello. "The General Assembly is legislative in nature. While my focus since becoming Speaker last year has been on passing good budgets that encourage a strong economy, the combined efforts of the State Police and the courts will allow us to uncover the facts to learn from the past and never repeat the mistakes that were made."

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Gina Raimondo

While the bulk of the 38 Studios developments took place prior to Raimondo taking office, she was still ordered deposed back in 2014, which could surface in the upcoming release of court documents.

Meanwhile, Raimondo -- and the state -- continue to use First Southwest, a defendant in the state's law suit.

"The architect of Governor Gina Raimondo’s truck toll infrastructure plan is the same firm that the State of Rhode Island is presently in litigation against for its role in the state’s loss of over $100 million in the 38 Studios collapse."

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Lincoln Chafee

The Governor of RI from 2011 through 2015 was originally opposed to the $75 million 38 Studios deal back in 2010, blasted critics for trying to default on the loans in RI, and ultimately was blamed by Sony for 38 Studios failure. 

Chafee was also blamed by other parties in the state's lawsuit -- and was deposed by the court, which should be released by the court along with tens of thousands of documents in the coming days. 

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Max Wistow

In June 2012, Governor Lincoln Chafee hired lawyer Max Wistow to investigate the 38 Studios deal - and the 17-count suit included RICO, fraud and negligence and also accused Wells Fargo of earning nearly $500,000 in hidden commissions from 38 Studios at the same time that Wells Fargo owed fiduciary duties to the EDC Board to disclose all negative material information concerning 38 Studios’ business plan and financial projections, including the shortfall. 

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Michael Silverstein

The Superior Court Judge, who appointed retired Supreme Court Judge Frank Williams mediator of the state's 38 Studios lawsuit back in May, made the move on Friday August 28 to declare that documents were to be unsealed in the case, no later than ten days after his determination.  

The Rhode Island world -- and beyond - awaits the content of then tens of pages of files to see how lawyers on both sides couched the collapse and demise of the former gaming company, leaving Rhode Island taxpayers to pay off the moral obligation bonds. 

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Keith Stokes

The former EDC Executive Director who oversaw the maturation of the 38 Studios deal in 2010 and was named in the state's lawsuit, reached a settlement with the state along with J. Michael Saul and Adler Pollack and Sheehan on August 9, 2015.  

In December 2014, the Commerce Corporation, after considering the extent of the defendants’ insurance coverage, had made a demand of the four defendants above that they settle for $12.5 million, which was ultimately the agreed upon result.  

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J. Michael Saul

The former EDC Deputy Director was one of the recent parties that settled with the state in August for $12.5 million.

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Adler, Pollock & Sheehan

The law firm of Adler, Pollack, and Sheehan was among the group along with Stokes and Saul who settled in August 2015.  In 2013, the four had responded to the suit, placing the blame of the collapse of 38 Studios on then-Governor Lincoln Chafee for actions -- and inactions. 

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Moses Afonso Ryan

One of the RI law firms sued by Rhode Island's economic development agency over the failed $75 million 38 Studios deal, Moses and Afonso was the first defendant to agree to settle in June 2014 -- for $4.4 million.

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First Southwest

The state, in its pending lawsuit against its financial advisor, alleged the folllowing:

In a sweeping set of allegations made by the state against First Southwest, the 38 Studios lawsuit blistered the firm for failing to protect the state’s interest and for knowingly making false statements.

In the suit, the State of Rhode Island asserted, "First Southwest knew or should have known that the April 1 Projections did not include those guaranty fees and, therefore, overstated 38 Studios’ projected cash flows by those amounts.”

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Wells Fargo

One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit.

In 2012, GoLocal's Dan McGowan reported that, "Wells Fargo refuses to comment on accusations that it “secretly” received nearly $500,000 from Curt Schilling’s failed video game company at the same time that it was supposed to sell $75 million in bonds to investors on behalf of the Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (EDC)."

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One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit.

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Star Indemnity

One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit.

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Thomas Zaccagnino

One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit, he was 38 Studios former lead director.

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Jennifer MacLean

One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit, she was former SVP of Business Development for 38 Studios. 

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Richard Wester

One of the remaining defendants in the state's lawuit, he was the former 38 Studios CFO. 

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Curt Schilling

The former Red Sox pitcher who created the ill-fated video game company 38 Studios, is one of the remaining defendants in the state's lawsuit -- and had been an ongoing advocate for the release of more information to the public  

When the states' lawyers wanted to unseal only specific pages of the suit back in May, Schilling said, "I am hoping and anticipating that if/when anything is made public, that everything is made public, so the public - and the press - can finally know what happened and why."

With the release of documents expected shortly, more information will soon be coming to light -- tens of thousands pages of it. 


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