Fit For Life: Must-Have Tips for Sports Specific Training
Saturday, March 22, 2014
Although there are different goals wanting to be achieved, three things are set in stone, and apply to EVERYBODY.
1) You need a nutrition program based on whole organic foods and proper hydration.
2) You must strengthen the core, before loading the body.
3) You need to master basic movement patterns such as the squat, press, dead lift, and rotational moves.
These rules apply to everyone from the recreational exerciser to the most high endurance athlete. If you do not accomplish these three things first, you will be swimming against the current, and results will be tougher or non-existent. Different goals may go from wanting to be fitter with better posture, to being a better golfer, football player, or entering a fitness contest or bodybuilding show.
If you are content with your dimensions, and you want to maintain strength and mobility, body weight exercises such as pull- ups, push-ups and body weight squats will do the trick. Add core routines like planks and bridges and you can create a routine and perform it anywhere. There are lots of progressions that can be added to create a more intense workout and adding simple equipment such as bands and med balls creates even greater challenges.
Although you do not need to be athletic to play golf, having strong core stability, proper range of motion, t spine mobility, and strong shoulder stabilizers is essential to avoiding injuries, due to the sheer force needed to perform a strong drive. You need exercises that promote strength, flexibility, and acceleration muscles as well as deceleration muscles, to help stabilize the core under force. Strong legs are important but you need mobility and balance, so single leg exercises are helpful. Cable rotary, and stability exercises will be beneficial to maintain range of motion and build power.
Football, hockey, rugby
These, or any other contact or lateral sport, requires another level of intensity. If you don't have it and your opponent does, you have a problem. If you want to play hard, you need to train harder. Your off season should consist of at least 2 power sessions containing heavy dead lifts, squats, and press variations, as well as 2-3 metabolic/core sessions. Agility ladders, jam balls, plyo-boxes, push sleds are all beneficial tools to make athletes strong and metabolically fit. All these tools will only work if you bring intensity to every session. You can't get fit to the level you need to if you don't have a never quit attitude, and mental toughness. If you can't push yourself in the gym, and are unprepared game time, you end up on the injury list. So train hard, and smart and you will play at a higher level.
Body builders and fitness contests
You’ll need to forget life as you know it and devote your life to your body. This is the most calculated and measured form of training you can do. Food needs to be weighed, measured and portioned for every meal. Exercise needs to be scheduled, and never missed. You need to pay attention, and understand how your body responds to certain foods, supplements and exercise. Your willpower around food has to be flawless, giving up sugar, bread, and dairy completely, and following a regimented diet for 8-12 weeks. This takes an extreme amount of discipline, and hard work, and sometimes requires high-risk practices such as dehydration and depletion to achieve certain aesthetics to impress judges. Proceed with caution - but this could be a good goal and test of ones discipline.
Related Slideshow: 25 Olympians from Rhode Island
Born in Cranston, Castelli will be competing with her partner Simon Shnapir at the upcoming 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. Despite initially beginning her skating career as a single skater, Castelli partnered with Shnapir in 2006. Since then, the pair has won numerous accolades, including the gold at the 2012 Ice Challenge and the Grand Prix medal at the 2012 NHK Trophy international competition.
Castelli and Shnapir have also won two U.S. national championships (2013 & 2014). In fact, the duo won their second national championship earlier this month at the TD Garden, which earned them a spot in the 2014 Olympics.
Castelli currently studies at the Community College of Rhode Island.
Ellison “Tarzan” Brown
Brown, known as “Deerfoot” among his native Narragansett tribe, was a popular and highly-accomplished distance runner during the 1930’s and 1940’s.
Brown competed in the marathon in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, and would have competed in the 1940 Olympics in Helsinki were it not cancelled due to World War II. But his greatest exploits were during the Boston Marathon. In the 1936 marathon, Brown took off so fast that the press chose instead to follow the number two runner, John Kelley. Eventually the two ended up neck-in-neck, but Brown “broke Kelley’s heart” to take the final lead on the last hill in Newton, inspiring reporter Jerry Nason to coin the term “heartbreak hill.”
Brown was raised in poverty on a Narragansett reservation in Charlestown. He worked as a stonemason and shell fisherman until he was run over and killed by a van in 1975. There is a road race named after him in Mystic, Connecticut.
Doris Brennan (Weir)
A native of Providence, Brennan dominated the swimming scene in the late 1930’s and 1940’s, holding twenty national and world records. Unfortunately, though, she would never get to realize her Olympic dream. After just missing the U.S. team in 1936, she earned a spot to compete in the Helsinki Olympics in 1940, but they were cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II.
Brennan graduated from Boston University’s Sargent College in 1942, later earning a spot in the University’s Hall of Fame in 1989.
After college, she went on to work with multiple youth clubs, and was instrumental in the construction of swimming facilities in Warwick.
Although he was born in Paraguay, Barrowman began his swim career as a youngster at the Cumberland-Lincoln Boys Club. For Olympic fans, he will always be remembered for his gold medal winning performance at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games in the 200-meter breaststroke. In fact, Barrowman set the world record in that event and was named American and World Swimmer of the Year in 1989.
In addition to learning to swim in RI, Barrowman set numerous state and New England records as a youth. He was inducted into the Rhode Island Aquatic Hall of Fame in 2000.
A native of Saunderstown, Beisel is a two-time Olympian competing in both the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing and the 2012 Games in London. Beidel did not medal in 2008, but she managed to earn a silver medal in the 400-meter individual medley and a bronze in the 200-meter backstroke in 2012.
Beisel currently swims for the University of Florida in Gainsville, Florida. As a Gator, she has received nine All-American honors and earned first-team Academic All-America recognition. Beisel was honored as SEC Female Swimmer of the Year in 2012. She is currently in her senior year.
Bennett won a bronze medal in the hammer-throw at the 1948 London Olympics. A native of Providence and a 1948 graduate of Brown University, Bennett set the Brown track record of 179'8" in the hammer and earned All-American honors.
Bennett went on to coach at West Point and later at Brown University as an assistant track coach.
Dreyer, a Providence native, participated in the 1936 and 1948 Olympics, and was the only American to make both squads. He finished in ninth place each time.
Between 1934 and 1952, Dreyer held twenty-one national championships in the weight throws. Dreyer, who competed for URI, was an AAU hammer-throw champion four times, 35-pound weight champion ten times, and 56-pound weight titleholder six times. He was also the NCAA hammer champion in 1934.
Hailing from Providence, Andrade represented the United States in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Andrade did not medal at the 2008 Games, but he did win silver at the 2007 Pan American Games in Rio and gold at the 2007 World Amateur Championships in Chicago.
Andrade is currently 20-0 as a professional boxer and the current World Boxing Organization Light Middleweight Champion – a title that he won in November.
Born in Pawtucket, Moreau competed for the U.S. team in the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, where she won the gold medal in the 4x100-meter relay with a world record team time of 45.9 seconds. She was also a national champion in the 50-yard dash, the 220-yard dash, the standing long jump, and the 4x100-meter relay.
A consummate athlete, Moreau even excelled at swimming. In 1948 she became the junior national swimming champion in the 100-yard freestyle. She was inducted into the Boston University Hall of Fame in 1978.
Although he is best remembered locally as the former basketball coach and athletic director at Providence College, Gavitt also coached the U.S. Men’s Basketball team at the 1980 Olympic Games.
A native of Westerly, Gavitt was also the first commissioner of the Bog East Conference and a member of the committee that created the 1992 Olympics Basketball “Dream Team.” He was also the CEO of the Boston Celtics from 1990 to 1994. In 2006, he was inducted into the Baketball Hall of Fame.
David C. Hall
A bronze medalist in the 800-meter run at the 1900 Paris Olympics, Hall was Rhode Island’s first Olympic medalist. During his trial heat in Paris, Hall set an Olympic 800-meter record time of 1:56.2, but he ended up missing the gold in finals when a competitor stepped on his heel, causing him to lose a shoe. He finished third, despite the handicap. The winning time in the final heat was a full five seconds slower than Hall’s qualifying time.
After graduating from Brown University in 1901, Hall earned a doctorate in medicine at the University of Chicago, going on to teach as a professor at the University of Washington. He would interrupt his teaching career to serve as Lt. Colonel in World War I, where he was highly decorated by the nation of Italy for his service. Hall died in Seattle in 1972, at the age of 97.
A Pawtucket native, Richards was a nationally prominent figure skater who competed in the 1960 Winter Games in California. Richards and his partner Maribel Owen won the bronze at Nationals in 1958 and 1959, and silver in 1960.
In 1961, at age 29, Richards and other members of the U.S. figure skating team, died in a plane crash. The plane was en route to the 1961 World Championships. Owen, who was just 20, was also on board.
This Rhode Island native won a gold medal in rowing at the 1984 Olympics held in Los Angeles. In addition to her Olympic gold, she won three silver and one bronze world championship medals between 1981 and 1987. As a coach, Metcalf won a silver medal at the 1990 world championships.
Metcalf founded We Can Row (formerly Row As One Institute) in 1993 – an organization designed to allow breast cancer survivors to reorient themselves with their bodies, giving survivors a healthy expression of control and putting them in contact with other women of similar circumstances.
Born in Warwick, Terreri was the goaltender for the U.S. Hockey Team at the 1988 Winter Olympics. He also played for the U.S. at the Worlds Championships from 1985-1987 and again in 1997.
Terreri also served as goaltender for Providence College from 1982-1986 – winning the 1985 NCAA Men’s Ice Hockey Championship MVP. He would go on to play 14 years in the NHL and win two Stanley Cups.
Nicknamed “Big Six,” this Providence boxer represented the United States at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. Estrada did not medal in the Olympics, but did win the gold at the 2003 Pan American Games in Santo Domingo. Estrada is currently 20-4 with 6 wins coming by way of knockout.
Estrada currently owns Big Six Boxing Academy in Providence and is part owner of the promotional company Big Six Entertainment, LLC.
A Providence native and Brown University graduate, Collier won a bronze medal in the 110-meter high hurdles in the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.
A son of noted Brown historian Theodore Collier, he was the long-time Brown record holder in several hurdles events. Collier, who was equally impressive academically, was a Phi Beta Kappa student while at Brown.
A graduate of Bishop Hendricken High School, Emma played for the U.S. Men’s Hockey Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics. He also represented the U.S. at the World Championships in 1991 and 1999. Emma went on to play five seasons in the NHL for the New Jersey Devils, Florida Panthers, and Boston Bruins.
Emma, a native of Cranston, is currently the Managing Director, Partner at Masterson, Emma and Associates at HighTower.
Parkhurst played right back for the U.S. Men’s Soccer team in the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing. In addition to his Olympic appearance, this Providence native also plated the New England Revolution from 2005-2008. Parkhurst was named the 2005 MLS Rookie of the Year and 2007 MLS Defender of the Year. He currently plays for the Columbus Crew.
Highly regarded off the field as well, Parkhurst was twice named the MLS Humanitarian of the Year in 2006 and 2008.
Born in Newport, Riggin won a gold medal in three-meter springboard diving at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp and a silver in the same event four years later in Paris. She also took home the bronze at the Paris Games of 1924 in the 100-meter backstroke. Riggin was just 14-years-old when she made the 1920 Olympic team.
Amazingly, Riggin continued was an avid swimming into her 90s. In fact, she swam three miles per week in the ocean off Honolulu where she lived. At the age of 85, she broke six world swimming records in the worlds masters championships.
Aside from being an accomplished athlete, Riggin appeared in five films and wrote a sports column for the New York Evening Post. She passed away in 2002 at the age of 96.
Note: Riggin is pictured on the left.
Born in Providence, this former professional tennis player represented the United States at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. She is best remembered for defeated Serena Williams at Wimbledon in 2005.
During her professional career, Craybas won one WTA title and four ITF titles. She achieved her highest professional ranking of No. 39 in the world in 2006. Upon retiring in 2013, Craybas had won approximately $2.5 million in prize money.
Born in Providence, this 17-year NHL veteran was a defenseman for the 1998 Men’s Olympic team that competed in Nagano. One of just 29 players to appear in 1,000 NHL games, Carney retired in 2008 as a member of the Minnesota Wild.
As a college athlete, Carney was named to the NCAA East First All-Star Team for the 1990-1991 season and the NCAA East Second All-American Team for the 1989-1990 season.
A pioneer in the sport of women’s downhill skiing, Rockwell competed for the U.S. at the 1972 and 1976 Olympic Winter Games. Although she did not medal in the Olympics, she won multiple titles from 1969-1975 and was inducted in to the U.S. Ski Hall of Fame in 1986.
Born in Providence, Rockwell would later coach women’s skiing at Dartmouth. Rockwell, and her partner Laurie Levenger, were one of the first gay couple to marry in Vermont after civil unions were approved in 2000.
A gold medalist in the five-man bobsled race in the 1928 Winter Olympics. Mason was a Philadelphia native but a long-time Rhode Island resident. He was a graduate of Bowdoin College where he starred in several winter sports.
Mason was the personnel manager for the Newman Crosby Steel Company of Pawtucket for many years. He was a volunteer for the Rhode Island Institute for the Blind where he made many audio cassettes of books. He passed away in1987 at the age of eighty-four.
Born in Warwick, DeCosta won a gold medal at the 1998 Winter Olympics and a silver at the 2002 Winter Games. A graduate of Toll Gate High School and Providence College, DeCosta posted impressive statistics in the ’98 Olympics recording a 1.59 goals against average and a .875 save percentage as goaltender.
Decosta was named the USA Hockey Women’s Player of the Year in 2000 and 2002. In 2002, she was named a Sports Ethics Fellow by the Institute for International Sport. DeCosta currently lives in Warwick with her husband and three children.
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