College Admissions: What Your PSAT Scores Really Mean
Tuesday, October 01, 2013
go online and get them. Then, how do you interpret your PSAT scores and use them to launch your college search?
Estimating SAT scores
If you add a zero to end of each PSAT score, that would be your SAT score. Your percentiles indicate how well you did vs. other students in your grade taking the PSAT. You are not measured against 11th graders, if you are in 10th grade. If you scored in the 85th percentile, you did better than 84 out of 100 students in your grade nationally. Because of additional math coursework, you will most likely see your math score increase from your sophomore to junior PSAT. If you elect to do test prep, you will probably see a bigger increase. Most students who prep will go up 60-180 total points (across all 3 sections) from the junior PSAT to the SAT. Many families believe their child will jump 300 points or more with test prep. That kind of an increase is rare, and choosing colleges according to that hope will get you into trouble.
Low scores should NOT be ignored
For students who are getting A’s or B’s in school, PSAT scores below 40 can often be an indicator of an undiagnosed learning disability (LD) or anxiety during testing. Talk to a neuro-psychologist or college counselor about options for educational testing. If you are diagnosed with dyslexia, ADD, ADHD or other learning differences, you may qualify for extended time on test day. It is best to do evaluations by 10th grade since the standards for extended SAT time have been getting more stringent. Those with scores in the 40s-50s who are aiming for a competitive college should begin test prep early and be very diligent about studying each week on their own. Students should also consider taking the ACT. It can often be a better test for students who are high achievers in school or who don’t do well with vocabulary.
What colleges care about
Colleges DO NOT see your PSAT scores. PSAT scores are intended as practice for the SAT and allow you to determine areas where you may need help. The only situation in which they may affect your admission is if you are a National Merit Semi-Finalist or Winner. Only juniors are considered for this award, and the cutoff varies, but you usually have to have a total score of 210 or better. If you are a finalist, it is viewed as a very prestigious honor by colleges and there may be scholarship money to follow.
Don’t Delay Test Prep
Most students should begin SAT prep in the fall or winter of their junior year, and spend 10-12 weeks studying before they take the test. However, some students with lower scores or those aiming for highly competitive colleges, may want to begin prep as early as sophomore year. The type of study program you select depends on your budget and needs. Some high school based programs are free, but many are relatively weak. It depends on the curriculum and instructor. The major test prep companies like Kaplan and Princeton Review do a very good job of screening teachers and training them, but the group courses will not usually help you with content review (geometry, algebra, grammar). They typically focus on test taking strategy. A well-trained and qualified private SAT tutor will teach strategy and address individual needs to learn the relevant math, vocabulary and writing skills—but the cost is usually a bit higher. For families who cannot afford live courses or tutors, there are lower cost online course options and terrific SAT prep books on the market. Some highly motivated students can achieve top scores with disciplined self-study.
If you have tried the SAT and ACT, done test prep, and still can’t achieve competitive scores—then it is time to consider “Test Optional” colleges. Today, there are more than 800 in the U.S., and they include prestigious liberal arts colleges like Middlebury, Bowdoin and Bates. Catholic colleges are also jumping on the bandwagon, including Providence College, St. Michael’s and De Paul. What you won’t find on the list are the primary campuses of state universities or the Ivy League.
*Not all high schools offer the PSAT for sophomores
Cristiana Quinn, M.Ed. is the founder of College Admission Advisors, LLC which provides strategic, college counseling and athletic recruiting services for students. www.collegeadvisorsonline.com.
Related Slideshow: College Board Reports - New England States by the Data
Reports released by the College Board, "Trends in College Pricing 2013," and "Trends in Student Aid", included a number of national data points regarding college affordability. Here, see how the New Engand states stacked up agains each other.
Percentage of all youths entering postsecondary education
New Hampshire: 53%
Rhode Island 52%
US average 48%
Average 2013-14 in-state tuition and fees at public four-year institutions
New Hampshire: $14,665
Rhode Island: $10,992
US Average: $8,893
Average 2013-14 out-of-state tuition and fees at public four-year institutions
Rhode Island: $26,646
New Hamprshire: $24,987
US average: $22,203
State Appropriations for Higher Education per Full-Time Equivalent Student
Rhode Island $5,162
New Hampshire: $2,482
US Average: $6,646
Increase in Enrollment
Percentage increases in total full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment in public degree-granting institutions between 2001 and 2011
US average: 27%
Student Grant Aid
In 2011-12, state grant aid per full-time equivalent (FTE) undergraduate student ranged from under $200 (in 2012 dollars) in 12 states to over $1,000 in 10 states.
Rhode Island $200
New Hampshire: 0
US average $670
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